Mount Everest, rising 8,848m (29,028ft) above sea level reigns as the highest mountain on Earth. For decades, expedition of Mount Everest has been to the bucket list for adventure junkies and summiting Mount Everest has been considered one of the greatest mountaineering achievements. In the spring of each year, we embrace this intense challenge by taking a group of qualified climbers to climb Mount Everest via the South Col route. The South Col was the first successfully climbed route on Mt. Everest as Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay accomplished this feat in 1953. Since then, the South Col has seen over 1000 ascents. It is by far, the most successfully climbed route on the mountain.
MOUNT EVEREST CLIMBING ROUTE & HIGH CAMPS
By the time we reach everest base camp, our climbing leaders and Sherpa will be well on the way to having the lower part of the mountain (the Khumbu Ice Fall) already fixed with ropes and ladders. We will establish four camps on the mountain. The first, at 19,500ft, is situated at the top of the icefall. This camp functions as an intermediate camp until Camp II (advanced base camp) is established at 21,000ft. Camp II will consist of large tents for cooking and dining and several smaller tents for sleeping. Camp II will be our base during the placements of Camp III and Camp IV (23,500ft and 25,912ft respectively). Camp III, which stands at the head of the cirque on the Lhotse face, will consist of three and four-man tents. This camp serves as an intermediate camp which climbers will use to reach Camp IV (high camp) on the South Col. Most of our Sherpa are able to carry directly from Camp II to Camp IV, so large amounts of gear are not needed at Camp III to establish Camp IV. Oxygen will be used above Camp III to help aid climbers in reaching high camp before attempting the summit. From Camp IV, we travel along the South East Ridge to the South Summit of Mount Everest. From here we traverse for a few hundred meters before reaching the Hillary Step and then onto the main summit.
Mount Everest Camp I – 5,945 meters
After the Icefall, the climbers arrive at Camp I, which is located at 19,500 feet. Depending on the type of expedition, Camp I will either be stocked by the climbers as they ascend and descend the Icefall or by Sherpas in advance. The area between Camp I and Camp II is known as the Western Cwm. As the climbers reach Camp II at 21,000 feet, they may be temporarily out of sight of their support at Base camp. Nonetheless, modern communication devises permit the parties to stay in contact.
Mount Everest Camp II – 6,402 meters
As the climbers leave Camp II, they travel towards the Lhotse face (Lhotse is a 27,920-foot mountain bordering Everest). The Lhotse face is a steep, shiny icy wall. Though not technically extremely difficult, one misstep or slip could mean a climber’s life. Indeed, many climbers have lost their lives through such mishaps.
Mount Everest Camp III – 23,500 feet (7,164 meters)
To reach Camp III, climbers must negotiate the Lhotse Face. Climbing a sheer wall of ice demands skill, strength and stamina. It is so steep and treacherous that many Sherpas move directly from Camp II to Camp IV on the South Col, refusing to stay on the Lhotse Face.
Mount Everest Camp IV – 26,300 feet (8000 meters)
As you’re leaving C4, the route becomes very difficult and the wind makes it trickier. There’s a little short slope on reliable snow which leads to the top of the Geneva Spur, and the wind pressure gradient across the spur can increase there as you’re getting set up for the rappel. Camp IV, which is at 26,300 on the Lhotse face, is typically the climbers’ first overnight stay in the Death Zone. The Death Zone is above 26,000 feet. Though there is nothing magical about that altitude, it is at this altitude that most human bodies lose all ability to acclimate. Accordingly, the body slowly begins to deteriorate and die – thus, the name “Death Zone.” The longer a climber stays at this altitude, the more likely illness (HACE – high altitude cerebral edema – or HAPE – high altitude pulmonary edema) or death will occur. Most climbers will use oxygen to climb and sleep at this altitude and above. This is the final major camp for the summit push. It is at this point that the climbers make their final preparations
Mount Everest SUMMIT- 29,028 feet (8848 meters)
From Camp IV, climbers will push through the Balcony, at 27,500 feet, to the Hillary Step at 28,800 feet. The Hillary Step, an over 70-foot rock step, is named after Sir. Edmond Hillary. Once the climbers ascend the Hillary Step, they slowly and laboriously proceed to the summit at 29,028 feet. The summit sits at the top of the world. Though not the closest place to the sun due to the earth’s curve, it is the highest peak on earth. Due to the decreased air pressure, the summit contains less than one-third of the oxygen as at sea level a person would die within minutes. Typically, climbers achieving the great summit will take pictures, gain their composure, briefly enjoy the view, and then return to Camp IV as quickly as possible. The risk of staying at the summit and the exhaustion from achieving the summit is too great to permit climbers to fully enjoy the great accomplishment at that moment.
|Day 1||Arrive Kathmandu|
|Day 4||Fly Lukla(2800m),trek Phakding(2610m)|
|Day 5||Trek Namche Bazaar (3420m)|
|Day 7||Trek Tengboche (3870m)|
|Day 8||Trek Dingboche (4360m)|
|Day 10||Trek Lobuche (4930m)|
|Day 11||Trek Gorak Shep (5160m)|
|Day 12||Trek Everest Base Camp (5364m)|
|Day 13-55||Climbing Period|
|Day 56||Trek Lobuche (4950m)|
|Day 57||Trek Namche Bazaar (3420m)|
|Day 58||Trek Lukla|
|Day 59||Fly Kathmandu|
|Day 60||Depart Kathmandu|